Pillars of Islam
Islamic Code of laws & Shari 'a
Surely, those who believe (in the Qur'an), And those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), And the Christians,
the converts; anyone who (1) believes in God, and (2) believes
in the Last Day, and (3) leads a righteous life, shall have their reward with their Lord: on them Shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (Qur'an 2:62)
SPECIAL FEATURES Religion of Islam Faith & practice American scholars sites Questions & answers Lectures & event News & Articles Jihad = Struggle
JIHAD = STRUGGLE
Jihad It is an Arabic word the root of which is Jahada, which means to strive for a better way of life. The nouns are Juhd, Mujahid, Jihad, and Ijtihad. The other meanings are: endeavor, strain, exertion, effort, diligence, fighting to defend one's life, land, and religion.
Jihad should not be confused with Holy War; the latter does not exist in Islam nor will Islam allow its followers to be involved in a Holy War. The latter refers to the Holy War of the Crusaders.
Jihad is not a war to force the faith on others, as many people think of it. It should never be interpreted as a way of compulsion of the belief on others, since there is an explicit verse in the Qur'an that says:"There is no compulsion in religion" Al-Qur'an: Al-Baqarah (2:256).
Jihad is not a defensive war only, but a war against any unjust regime. If such a regime exists, a war is to be waged against the leaders, but not against the people of that country. People should be freed from the unjust regimes and influences so that they can freely choose to believe in Allah.
Not only in peace but also in war Islam prohibits terrorism, kidnapping, and hijacking, when carried against civilians. Whoever commits such violations is considered a murderer in Islam, and is to be punished by the Islamic state. during wars, Islam prohibits Muslim soldiers from harming civilians, women, children, elderly, and the religious men like priests and rabies. It also prohibits cutting down trees and destroying civilian constructions.
In 610 CE, Allah ordained the final Prophet He would send to earth. Over five centuries had passed since the previous Prophet He sent, Jesus the son of Mary. This final Prophet was Muhammad ibn Abdillah (saas). Though Muhammad (saas) was born in the Arabian peninsula, he was sent to all of humanity. He was commissioned to deliver a message from Allah to Arabs and non-Arabs alike.
The message was the same one which Allah had sent down to the earliest humans. It contained a description of the way of life which Allah had established for people to follow while they lived here on earth. By agreeing to follow this way of life, people would essentially be submitting themselves to Allah. The name of this way of life was simply 'submission'. In Arabic, this is Islam (pronounced "Isslaam"). Today, Islam is found in all parts of the world, and its adherents are known as Muslims.
The message of Islam was conveyed in only two ways: in the form of a book, and in the living example of the Prophet. These two are the basis for a way of life which is acceptable to both mind and heart - it is neither illogical nor impersonal. It is in fact the only true way of life revealed from the Creator. The scope of this way of life is vast enough that it transcends the traditional notion of 'religion'. Islam includes submitting to Allah in the realm of politics, economics, law, etc.
Whoever wishes to understand Islam can only start at one place: the Oneness and Uniqueness of Allah. This is the essence of the creed of Islam, and no other creed on earth approaches its power and elegance. Scholars have written at length on the beliefs of Islam (e.g. Ibn Taimiyah and at-Tahawi), but the core belief is undisputed:
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